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Modulation of Matrix Metalloproteinases by Plant-derived Products

[ Vol. 21 , Issue. 2 ]

Author(s):

Nur Najmi Mohamad Anuar*, Nurul Iman Natasya Zulkafali and Azizah UgusmanPages 91-106 (16)

Abstract:


Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a group of zinc-dependent metalloendopeptidases that are responsible for the degradation, repair, and remodeling of extracellular matrix components. MMPs play an important role in maintaining a normal physiological function and preventing diseases, such as cancer and cardiovascular diseases. Natural products derived from plants have been used as traditional medicine for centuries. Its active compounds, such as catechin, resveratrol and quercetin, are suggested to play an important role as MMPs inhibitors, thereby opening new insights into their applications in many fields, such as pharmaceutical, cosmetic, and food industries. This review summarises the current knowledge of plant-derived natural products with MMP-modulating activities. Most of the reviewed plant-derived products exhibit an inhibitory activity on MMPs. Amongst MMPs, MMP-2 and MMP-9 are the most studied. The expression of MMPs is inhibited through respective signaling pathways, such as MAPK, NF-κB and PI3 kinase pathways, which contribute to the reduction in cancer cell behaviors, such as proliferation and migration. Most studies have employed in vitro models, but a limited number of animal studies and clinical trials have been conducted. Even though plant-derived products show promising results in modulating MMPs, more in vivo studies and clinical trials are needed to support their therapeutic applications in the future.

Keywords:

Anticancer, extracellular matrix, matrix metalloproteinases, MMP, natural products, plant, tumor.

Affiliation:

Programme of Biomedical Science, Centre for Toxicology and Health Risk Studies, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Jalan Yaacob Latif, Bandar Tun Razak, 56000, Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Programme of Biomedical Science, Centre for Toxicology and Health Risk Studies, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Jalan Yaacob Latif, Bandar Tun Razak, 56000, Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Jalan Yaacob Latif, Bandar Tun Razak, 56000, Cheras, Kuala Lumpur

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