Jordi Muntane, Angel J. De la Rosa, Fernando Docobo, Rocio Garcia-Carbonero and Francisco J. PadilloPages 300-312 (13)
Numerous molecular targets are in the cross-road between oncogenic and anti-apoptotic programs, genetic or epigenetic alterations, which overall may have a similar cellular phenotype. The standard antineoplastic chemotherapeutic regimes based on cytotoxic agents leads to significant side effect and modest response rates, marginal changes in natural history, and toxicities that may impact the quality of life of patients. Different strategies involving gene therapy, targeted antibodies or small molecules have been used to regulate cell death/proliferation signals, as well as angiogenesis in liver tumors. In this sense, Sorafenib recently approved for renal cell carcinoma, represents the first tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) licensed for the treatment of patients with advanced HCC. This review summarizes the current status of molecular receptor TKI-based targeted therapy in HCC driving different pathways involved in cell survival, proliferation, migration, angiogenesis and metastasis, which include the regulation of Raf/MEK/ERK, PI3K/Akt/mTOR, and Jak/STAT cell signaling. The study also provides information about cell signaling crosstalk relevant in tyrosine kinase receptors (TKR)-based systemic therapy in HCC.
Cancer, cell death, proliferation, receptors, tumor
Instituto de Biomedicina de Sevilla (IBiS), Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocio/CSIC/Universidad de Sevilla, Av. Manuel Siurot s/n, 41013-Seville, Spain.